In ornithology, the term “bird of prey” is defined as any bird that has a keen sense of vision, strong talons and a strong curved beak capable of tearing flesh. Birds of prey or raptors are fascinating creatures that continue to be at the top of the food chain due to their amazing traits and capabilities.
In order to showcase some of the mightiest raptors on earth, we decided to pull together a list of ten birds of prey that are amongst the largest in the world. While this list encompasses some of the largest raptors on earth, it is important to note that our definition of a bird of prey includes condors and vultures. Many ornithologists and biologists dispute on classifying vultures and condors as birds of prey. However, we determined to include these species into our list because of their raptor-like characteristics. Nevertheless, prepare to be astonished by this amazing list of some of the largest birds of prey on earth.
10. Eurasian Eagle Owl (Bubo bubo)
The Eurasian Eagle Owl is found in the mountains and forests of Europe and Asia weighing up to 4.2 kgs (9.2 lbs.) with a wingspan of 2 meters (6.5 feet). This bird of prey is among the largest and most powerful owls in the world. While many owls have similar size credentials, this bird of prey deserves to be mentioned because it is the only owl known to indirectly kill a human being. However, this raptor primarily feeds on rodents, feeder rabbits and small foxes.
9. Martial Eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus)
The Martial Eagle is known as Africa’s largest eagle with a wingspan of 2.6 meters (8.5 feet) and weighing up to 6.2 kgs (13.6 lbs.). Many farmers frequently seek to eliminate this bird of prey because it occasionally attacks their livestock.
8. Philippine Eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi)
The Philippine Eagle is so magnificent that it has become a national symbol in the Philippines. This bird of prey has adapted to hunt in forested habitats and is incredibly agile even though it weighs up to 7 kgs (15.3 lbs.) and has a 2 meter (6.5 feet) wingspan. The raptor is known to feed on monkeys, large bats, lemurs, pigs and dogs.
7. Steller’s Sea Eagle (Haliaeetus pelagicus)
Found in Russia and Japan, the Steller’s Sea Eagle is the heaviest eagle in the world weighing up to 9 kgs (19.8 lbs.) with a wingspan of 2.5 meters (8.1 feet). This bird primarily feeds on fish but is known to attack other large birds and baby seals. Unfortunately, this raptor is labeled as an endangered species because of lead poisoning. They are poisoned when the eagles ingest lead when scavenging on animal remains left by human hunters.
6. Harpy Eagle (Harpia harpyja)
Harpy Eagles are the most powerful eagles in the world weighing 9 kgs (19.8 lbs.) with a wingspan of 2 meters (6.5 feet). Their wingspan length is much shorter than other large birds because they need to maneuver in densely forested habitats. These raptors have extremely long talons and such a strong grip capable of breaking a human’s arm. The Harpy Eagle mostly preys on sloths, monkeys and large birds.
5. African Crowned Eagle (Stephanoaetus coronatus)
The African Crowned Eagle is a powerful and aggressive raptor residing in the rainforests of tropical Africa. Although this bird of prey only has a wingspan of 2 meters (6.5 feet), it can hunt animals weighing up to 35 kgs (77.1 lbs.)! In fact, its talons are so strong that it is known to crush the skulls of monkeys. The Crowned Eagle also preys on Guinea fowl, hyraxes, agwantibos, chevrotains and small antelopes.
4. Bearded Vulture (Gypaetus barbatus)
Also known as the Lammergeyer, this bird of prey is one of the largest raptors in the world with a weight up to 8 kgs (17.7 lbs.) and wingspan measuring over 3 meters (9.8 feet). Bearded vultures can be found in Asia, Europe and Africa and are mostly scavengers. They are known to swipe up dead animal carcasses and drop them from great heights over hard surfaces to break the animal’s bones. Once broken, the Bearded Vulture feeds on the marrow. These birds have also been seen attacking live prey as well by knocking the animal off the side of a cliff.
3. California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus)
The California Condor is considered to be the largest bird in North America with an impressive wingspan of 3 meters (9.8 feet) and weight up to 12 kgs (26.6 lbs.). Their diet mainly consists of carrion, including deer, cattle, sheep, rabbits and rodents.
2. Lappet Faced Vulture (Torgos tracheliotos)
Lappet Faced Vultures are as large as American Condors with an impressive wingspan of 3 meters (9.8 feet) and weight up to 14 kgs (30.8 lbs.). Found in African savannahs and in Arabia, these birds of prey commonly kill gazelles, antelopes and flamingo. It is also known to steal eggs and the young of other birds. In fact, this raptor is so aggressive that it is known to attack other predatory animals to keep them away from carrion.
1. Andean Condor (Vultur gryphus)
The Andean Condor is considered the largest bird of prey with an enormous wingspan of 3 meters (9.8 feet) and weight up to 15 kgs (33.1 lbs.). They primarily live in mountainous regions where there is an abundant amount of wind to help their massive body in flight. The Andean Condor is considered a vulture, so they mostly feed on large carrion. This species is considered engendered but they are in much better shape than the California Condor.
Many of these birds eat rodents and other small animals. So, if you own one of these large raptors ensure you feed them quality frozen foods including frozen mice, frozen rats, frozen rabbits, frozen guinea pigs, frozen hamsters, frozen gerbils, frozen chickens, frozen quail and more! Contact us today if you have any questions about our frozen feeders.